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德州专业教育者协会
德州专业教育者协会
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学生纪律

课堂管理的基本知识

Serious student discipline problems in Texas schools are subject to a detailed statutory process designed to maintain the safety and order of campuses and classrooms. 除了, 法律要求每个地区制定一个当地学生行为准则, 符合法定纪律要求, both what student conduct is subject to discipline and what the specific consequence or range of possible consequences will be.

以下是许多关于学生纪律的常见问题的回答. 阅读你学校的学生行为准则,了解当地的规则. 大多数的国家法律管理纪律可以找到在 《365游戏平台》(德州教育法第37章)尽管法律的其他领域在具体案例中可能也很重要.

此外,有关纪律和特殊教育学生的资料,请参阅 特殊教育和第504条.

Local school boards must adopt student codes of conduct that specify the circumstances under which students can be removed to disciplinary alternative education programs (DAEPs), 暂停, 或驱逐出境. The code of conduct cannot violate the disciplinary provisions in the Texas Education Code but can establish rules where the code itself is either silent or allows for local discretion.

Each school district’s code of conduct must be posted and prominently displayed on every campus within a district or made available for review at the principal’s office.

《365游戏平台》要求行为准则:

  • 在符合法律要求的情况下,详细说明学生何时可以离开课堂或校园.
  • 指定学生何时可以或必须被除名到纪律替代教育项目.
  • 概述学生何时可能被停学或开除学籍.
  • 说明是否会考虑学生的意图, 前学科历史, 或残疾, 或者这种行为是否是正当防卫.
  • 提供关于学生被开除、停学或开除的时间长短的指导方针.
  • 为管理学生行为提供适当的选项.

The Texas Education Code provides that a teacher can temporarily remove a student to the principal’s office to maintain effective classroom discipline. The Texas Education Code now requires that each campus designate a “campus behavior coordinator” (CBC) who is “primarily responsible for maintaining student discipline.“许多地区都有, 然而, 作为他们“创新区”计划的一部分,他们选择退出这一法律.

The Code also provides that a teacher can remove a student from class and initially refuse to consent to the student’s return if the teacher can establish that the student has repeatedly or seriously interfered with either the teacher’s ability to communicate or other students’ ability to learn. The interference can potentially be a pattern of incidents or one very serious incident—the key is showing the student’s actions have interfered with the educational process.

《365游戏平台》的删除条款适用于学生造成的破坏. 该法律并没有赋予教师因学生家长捣乱而开除学生的权利.

The Code provides a list of student misconduct that either allows or requires the student be removed from the student’s normal educational placement and placed in a disciplinary alternative educational placement (DAEP).

学生每次休学不得超过三天. 学生必须因某些严重的违规行为而被开除(见下表). 另外, students may be expelled for an alternate set of offenses occurring at any campus or at any school-sponsored event in the state. 这些违法行为包括出售非法物品, 假警报, 在被分配到DAEP时持续有严重的不当行为, 或恐怖主义的威胁.

Students may be expelled for the following offenses committed against other students whether the offenses occurred on or off campus: aggravated 攻击, 性侵犯, 加剧了性侵犯, 加重抢劫, 谋杀, 或者谋杀的犯罪意图. 当地的指导方针决定驱逐时间的长短.

Students also may be expelled for 攻击 resulting in bodily injury against a school district employee or a volunteer; use, 占有, 出售, or delivery of illegal drugs or alcohol; 致命的行为; or 占有 of a firearm if the activity occurred within 300 feet of school property.

当一个学生被以前的学区开除时,他就会进入一个新的学区, 新地区可以继续驱逐, 将学生安置在DAEP中, 或者允许学生参加常规课程.

对学生构成严重威胁的学生可以立即被开除到DAEP或开除.

犯罪,需要 强制性的 驱逐

校园行为
  • 枪支和武器犯罪
  • 加重攻击罪, 性侵犯, 纵火, 谋杀, 谋杀未遂, 猥亵儿童, 或加重绑架
  • 涉及非法毒品或酒精的重罪
  • 加重抢劫
  • 过失杀人
  • 过失杀人
  • 以上任何在校内或校外对学校雇员进行报复的行为
校内或校外的行为
  • 报复学校雇员或志愿者的犯罪活动

在大多数情况下, 学生可以回到老师的班级, 即使老师没有同意返回. 然而,这条一般规则也有例外:

  • 如果老师做了一个 强制性的 因故意伤害罪被免职, 性侵犯, 或是在校园或学校主办的活动中发生的严重性侵犯, 未经教师同意,不得将学生送回其课堂.
  • 如果学生因殴打老师造成身体伤害而被开除, 未经教师同意,不得将学生送回教师的课堂.
  • 如果一个学生因为在课堂上的行为而被送进了少年司法系统, the student may not be ordered back to the teacher’s class in which the offense occurred without that teacher’s consent.
  • 如果一个学生有严重或持续的破坏行为,老师就会开除他, 老师拒绝同意学生返回课堂, the student may be returned to that teacher’s class only if the campus placement review committee overrides the teacher’s lack of consent, 确定之前的位置是最好的或唯一可用的选择.

所有的纪律法规适用于所有学生,无论年龄大小,但有两个例外:

  • 10岁以下的学生不得被学校开除,除非携带枪支上学. 其他可被开除的罪行, 10岁以下的学生必须被转移到DAEP,但不应与非小学学生混在一起.
  • DAEP实习必须适用于小学生. 然而, 6岁以下的学生不能被转移到校外DAEP,但必须承担在校园内的后果, 除了携带枪支去学校的情况. 即使在这种情况下,学生也不可能被开除.
执法部门向学区报告

执法人员必须在以下情况下通知学区:

  • 学生因犯下重罪而被逮捕或拘留;
  • When a student is convicted or judged delinquent in the juvenile justice system for those same offenses; or
  • 当学生收到暂缓起诉或暂缓裁决的命令.

在假释或感化办公室的管辖下的学生注册到一个新的地区, 必须通知新的地区.

校长向执法人员报告

有合理理由相信是严重罪行的校长(详情见 德州教育法第37章) has occurred on campus or at a school-sponsored event or has knowledge of any other criminal conduct for which a student may be expelled must report that information to the district police department, 如果可用, 以及当地执法官员.

学校官员对员工的报告
  • School districts must inform teachers if they are to have regular contact through classroom assignments with students who have engaged in expellable offenses or have engaged in conduct constituting unlawful restraint, 有伤风化的暴露, 攻击, 致命的行为, 恐怖主义的威胁, 或有组织的犯罪活动.
  • Superintendents who receive required notification from law enforcement authorities must promptly notify all instructional and support personnel who supervise the student(s) named in the report.
  • Principals who make required notifications to law enforcement authorities must promptly notify all instructional and support personnel who supervise the student(s) named in the report.
  • School districts must notify any educator responsible for providing instruction to a student when the student is placed in a DAEP for misconduct.
  • School districts must notify any educator responsible for providing instruction to a transfer student if the student was placed in the former school district's DAEP at the time of the transfer.
  • 被通知的教育者必须对信息保密.
什么是体罚??

体罚 一般指任何影响身体的纪律处分(语料库 =身体). 大多数人想到体罚的时候, 他们认为“重击”是由管理员或教练管理的. 德州教育法有一个 体罚的具体定义:

[体罚的定义]是通过击打故意施加身体上的疼痛, 划, 打屁股, 拍打, 或其他作为惩戒手段的身体力量. 该术语不包括:

  1. 与运动训练有关的合理体育活动所引起的身体疼痛, 竞争, or physical education; or
  2. 根据第37条授权使用限制措施.0021. [有关对特殊教育学生的合理及必要的限制]

德州教育法规第37条.0011

德州法律对体罚是怎么说的?

《365游戏平台》规定,是否允许体罚,应由各学区自行决定. A local district allowing corporal punishment must allow a parent or legal guardian to “opt out” of the policy by providing a written and signed statement prohibiting the use of corporal punishment on their child.

所有教育工作者必须了解并遵守当地学区的体罚政策. 此外,违反政策可能会导致消极的就业后果, 一个教育工作者可能会发现自己在没有得到通常提供的保护的情况下被起诉. 如果教育工作者违反了当地的体罚政策,他们将承担法律和经济上的责任.

禁止厌恶的纪律技巧

37中定义的特定的“厌恶的纪律技术”.0023 of the Texas Education Code as “a technique or intervention that is intended to reduce the likelihood of behavior reoccurring by inflicting on a student significant physical or emotional pain or discomfort” are prohibited.

列出的许多技术, 例如电击或损害学生的呼吸或血液循环显然是不合适的. But there are a number of techniques that educators need to be aware are also prohibited as they are not so obviously wrong. 例如,该清单禁止任何“阻碍学生说话能力的东西”.这就规定了在任何情况下,教育者都不应该用胶带封住学生的嘴, 即使在“有趣.该名单还禁止扣留食物. Elementary school teachers need to rethink the common consequence of a student not getting their afternoon snack because of morning misbehavior. 最后,禁止进入洗手间. 老师可能会有校园或班级的规定,规定学生什么时候可以去洗手间. 这些规则仍然适用, 但是老师需要确定,如果他们要告诉学生他们不能被原谅, 他们有一条可以指出的规则,他们不会拒绝学生的要求作为一种惩罚.

 

发布/审查:2021年2月12日

此处所提供的法律信息在发布之日是准确的. 这里提供的资料仅供参考. 个别法律情况差别很大, 需要个人法律建议的读者应该直接向律师咨询. 请注意:基于德州教育法典的权利可能不适用于所有人. 德州教育法的许多条款并不适用于公立特许学校, 公立学校可能已经通过创新区计划选择了个别条款. 符合资格的365游戏平台会员可联系365游戏平台会员法律服务部.