365游戏平台-bt365游戏平台

365游戏平台-bt365游戏平台

德州专业教育者协会
德州专业教育者协会
/365游戏平台/media/News-Magazine/3-2-1_AbsencesAndLeave_iStock-1144329487_1.jpg?ext=.jpg /365游戏平台/media/News-Magazine/3-2-1_AbsencesAndLeave_iStock-1144329487_1.jpg?ext=.jpg

Absences and Leave

员工可能需要缺席的原因有很多, and each employee’s individual situation determines what type of leave applies. Additionally, some situations, such as a serious illness, 可以同时在几个不同的假期类别下. 在很多情况下,这些不同类型的休假可以同时进行.

许多类型的休假是由联邦或州法律规定的, and individual school districts have no discretion as to when and how they are applied. However, many school districts provide leave in addition to these legally required leave options, and districts have much greater discretion to interpret when and how these local leave options are applied. 

受《bt365游戏平台》的管辖, personal leave is:

  • 所有公立学校的员工都可以使用.
  • Cumulative from year to year.
  • 可从地区转移到地区.

Employees are generally entitled to five personal leave days per school year. 地区可以要求员工“挣得”天数,如果员工全年不为地区工作,可以从五天的总天数中扣除“非挣得天数”. 兼职员工也有5天假期, but if they work “half-days,他们还可以享受5个“半天”的事假.

员工的主要职责,如教学,可以得到全额工资. 如果员工有补充工作, such as coaching or driving a bus, 这有额外的每日补偿, 地区可在员工请假请假时,从员工的补偿中扣除.    

在某些情况下,地区可以拒绝请事假. 事假可以用于生病或其他员工无法控制的情况(称为“非自由休假”)或员工可以控制的目的(称为“自由休假”). 地区可对酌情休假的使用加以限制,但不得以请假的理由为由拒绝申请. For example, district policies commonly prohibit taking discretionary personal leave during the first week of school, 在假期之前或之后, 当一定数量的员工将外出, or during standardized testing. 非自由裁量休假一般不能被拒绝, 不过该地区可以要求提供休假需要的证明, 比如医生的生病证明, if allowed by local policy.

9月1日前累计病假, 1995年(立法机关修改《365游戏平台》,提供事假而非病假)只适用于个人生病的情况, illness of a family member, family emergency, or death in the immediate family.

员工应查阅员工手册或地区政策手册,以了解当地的政策,说明可获得的福利以及如何申请和报告事假. It is important to know the rules; violations of the rules might lead to denial of leave and other more serious negative employment action.

家庭和医疗假是由联邦法律规定的 《365游戏平台》由联邦法规管理. As such, districts have very little discretion as to when and how to apply FMLA leave.

Availability of FMLA leave:

FMLA假期适用于所有员工:

  1. Who work for employers with 50 or more employees; and
  2. 已在公司工作至少12个月且工作至少1个月,在过去的12个月里,总共250小时. 该规定规定,教师被假定为工作1,250个小时,因为时间“离开了时钟”,例如批改试卷和备课, is counted toward the 1,250-hour total. Therefore, 一个地区必须能够证明,一个教师几乎不可能工作了规定的工时,以拒绝基于工时要求的FMLA休假. 
FMLA leave benefits:
  • FMLA leave is unpaid, unless accumulated personal or sick leave is available and used concurrently. 雇主可以要求事假和病假同时使用. 雇主也可以要求同时使用其他类型的假期.
  • Eligible employees may take up to 12 workweeks of FMLA leave in any 12-month period.
  • Leave may be taken for serious health conditions affecting the employee or an immediate family member. FMLA和法规定义了什么是“严重健康状况”.” The definition includes most serious illnesses and many chronic illnesses as well.
  • 产假可用于生育、收养或安置寄养儿童. Leave may be taken at any time up to one year from the arrival of the child. 如果夫妻双方为同一雇主工作, 在夫妻双方之间只允许为期12周的试用期.
  • In cases of serious health conditions affecting the employee or a family member, 必要时可间歇性休假, 但是关于使用间歇性的FMLA休假的特殊规则适用于教学人员,并在某些情况下限制其使用.
  • 各地区必须在《bt365游戏平台》休假期间继续向健康保险费提供与休假前相同的缴款. If the employee could have returned to work at the end of leave but chose not to, 他们可能被要求偿还这些健康保险福利.
  • 教学人员在临近学期结束时休的FMLA假可由地区延长至学期结束.
  • An employee is entitled to return to the same or an equivalent position as was held prior to leave. 这通常要求你回到原来的工作岗位,承担同样的职责和责任——即使这些职责和责任不在合同范围内.
  • Attendance bonuses or other benefits may not be denied based on absence for FMLA.
  • An employee cannot be disciplined for requesting or taking FMLA leave or discouraged from requesting or taking FMLA leave.
申请和使用FMLA假期:

《bt365游戏平台》规定,雇主可以要求雇员提供医疗证明,以证明其要求家庭和医疗假的理由. 这通常是通过要求雇员和雇员的健康医生填写并返回一份由美国移民局创建的表格来完成的.S. Department of Labor. The employer can, through this process, 了解病情, 尽管雇主被要求对信息保密.

如果意外需要家庭和医疗假, the employee or family member simply needs to notify the employer as soon as reasonably possible. But the FMLA requires employees to notify their employer of known future need for leave, such as for planned surgery, in advance. Failure to provide the notice of “foreseeable” leave by the regulatory deadline can result in a denial of the request.

条例对"严重健康状况"和"慢性"等术语有具体的定义,可确定缺假是否符合《365游戏平台》休假的条件. Many of the provisions are not intuitive and require actions well in advance of the actual absence. So, 如果你知道自己有问题,你应该寻求法律指导, such as migraines, 这将导致你在未来会定期缺席,或者如果你预计将来会因为任何原因缺席,可能需要家庭和医疗假.

根据《365游戏平台》, temporary disability leave:

  • 适用于所有需要证书的全职公立学校教师(包括大多数助教).
  • Is unpaid, unless accumulated sick or personal leave is available and used concurrently. 也可以同时运行与FMLA休假.
  • 如果当地地区允许,可以持续180个日历日或更长时间.
  • Is available whenever a physical or mental condition interferes with performance of duties.
  • Can be used for pregnancy as well as medical complications and/or physical recovery associated with pregnancy.

申请暂时伤残假,教育工作者必须:

  • 向主管或主管指定人员请假.
  • Provide a physician’s (licensed physician or a Christian Science practitioner) statement that:
    • Confirms an inability to work;
    • States a date for the leave to begin; and
    • States a probable date of return.
  • 教育工作者可以查阅员工手册或当地政策手册,以找到当地政策,解释可用的福利和如何申请临时残疾假, or they may request such information from their districts’ personnel offices.
  • Employees must give at least 30 days’ notice of intent to return from leave along with a release from a physician.
  • 一旦有职位空缺,员工必须回到以前的校园工作,但不迟于下一学年开始.
  • 在休假期间,各区不必继续缴纳休假前提供的健康保险费, 除非员工也在休假.
  • Employees may be placed on involuntary temporary disability leave when the school board determines, in consultation with a doctor, that an employee's physical or mental condition interferes with the performance of the employee's duties. 

Maternity leave:

  • 如果有私人或病假,可以支付工资吗.
  • 在FMLA下是否可以被视为无薪假期.
  • 如果身体状况影响到母亲履行职责的能力,是否可以在怀孕期间和身体恢复期间休无薪的临时残疾假.

当地的地区政策可能会提供额外的好处. 员工可以查阅员工手册或地区政策手册,以找到当地的政策,解释可用的福利和如何申请产假, 或者他们可以向地区人事办公室索取这些资料.

Assault leave is available to any employee physically injured by an assault during the performance of regular school duties. 攻击要求学生(或其他人)鲁莽地造成伤害,但不要求学生有意识地有意伤害教育者. 这通常意味着学生知道但有意识地忽视了他们的行为可能造成伤害的可能性. However, if a student’s age or disability made them incapable of understanding that they could injure the employee, the law provides that the injured educator may still be eligible for assault leave.

An employee on assault leave is entitled to full pay between both assault leave and workers’ compensation benefits. The employee’s total benefits may not be more than 100% of the regular rate of pay. 缺勤不扣除事假或病假.

这种类型的假期可以休到身体受伤后休养所需要的时间(从遭受攻击之日起最长为两年). 心理或情感伤害的人身攻击假是不允许的. 员工必须及时报告所有受伤情况.

Districts must make reasonable accommodations for employees to participate in religious observances or practices, including making leave available. Leave may be unpaid, unless personal leave is available, although districts may provide paid leave. Attendance bonuses may not be denied based upon absence for religious observance.

员工可以查阅员工手册或地区政策手册,以找到当地政策,解释可用的福利和如何申请宗教休假, 或者他们可以向地区人事办公室索取这些资料. 

Districts must provide leave to comply with court orders (jury duty summons or subpoenas). 雇员应获得正常的陪审报酬. An employee’s accumulated personal leave may not be reduced for complying with a jury duty summons, and an employee may not be retaliated against for complying with a court order.

必须遵守法院命令的员工可以查阅员工手册或地区政策手册,以找到当地政策,解释可用的福利和如何申请法院命令休假, 或者他们可以向地区人事办公室索取这些资料. 

In addition to the federal- and state-regulated leave options described above, many districts provide local sick leave or other local leave benefits for personal business, professional training, and bereavement. 一些地区还建立了病假银行或资金池,为员工提供带薪假期,除了他们个人积累的假期.

Because these leave benefits are locally provided instead of being legally required, they are not regulated at all or are regulated much more loosely than the federal or state leave options. Districts are provided wide latitude in determining when and how to provide these benefits. 地区也可以很容易地改变他们提供的福利, 例如减少每年提供的病假天数, though some limitations do apply.


发布/审查:2021年2月11日

 

The legal information provided here is accurate as of the date of publication. 这里提供的资料仅供参考. 个别法律情况差别很大, and readers needing individual legal advice should consult directly with an attorney. 请注意:基于德州教育法典的权利可能不适用于所有人. 德州教育法的许多条款并不适用于公立特许学校, and public school districts may have opted out of individual provisions through a District of Innovation plan. 符合资格的365游戏平台会员可联系365游戏平台会员法律服务部.